The U.K., made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, is an island nation in northwestern Europe. England – birthplace of Shakespeare and The Beatles – is home to the capital, London, a globally influential centre of finance and culture. England is also site of neolithic Stonehenge, Bath’s Roman spa and centuries-old universities at Oxford and Cambridge.

CapitalLondon

Dialing code: +44

Population: 64.1 million (2013) World Bank

Population growth rate: 0.6% annual change (2013) World Bank

Currency: Pound sterling